Weather & Environmental Essentials

Global weather and environmental metrics including emissions, temperature, precipitation, energy consumption, carbon intensity of electricity, and FEMA disaster declarations


This product serves as a central source of global weather and environmental metrics. A single, unified schema joins together data across numerous sources that track global environmental factors.

Example topics covered:

  • Daily weather events (e.g. temperature, precipitation) across 180 countries

  • Greenhouse gas emissions including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and fluorinated gases (F-gases) by country, source, and sector

  • Greenhouse gas emissions related to agriculture, forestry, and other land use activities

  • Global temperature change

  • Energy consumption per dollar by country

  • Carbon intensity of electricity by country

  • Future emission scenarios based on assumptions regarding economic growth, technological advancements, and policy implementations

  • FEMA disaster declarations

  • National Flood Insurance Program policies & claims

Data Sources, Attributes, Sample Queries

A detailed description of the data is available by source. Source pages include key attributes (e.g. geographic coverage, time granularity, history, entity level), release frequency, notes & methodologies, and sample queries.

All Cybersyn products follow the EAV (entity, attributes, value) model with a unified schema. Entities are tangible objects (e.g. geography, company) that Cybersyn provides data on. All timeseries' dates and values that refer to the entity are included in a timeseries table. Descriptors of the timeseries are included in an attributes table. Data is joinable across all Cybersyn products that have a GEO_ID. Refer to Cybersyn Concepts for more details.

As with all Public Domain datasets, Cybersyn aims to release data on Snowflake Marketplace as soon as the underlying source releases new data. We check periodically for changes to the underlying source and, upon detecting a change, propagate the data to Snowflake Marketplace immediately. See our release process for more details.

Releases & Changelog

4/23/24: Added global emissions data from Climate Watch

Climate Watch's historical emissions dataset provides a record of past greenhouse gas emissions across various sectors and gases, categorized by both geographic and sector-specific divisions. The data also presents a range of future emission scenarios, each predicated on distinct assumptions regarding economic growth, technological advancements, and policy implementations. The data is available in the following tables:

  • climate_watch_attributes

  • climate_watch_timeseries

1/31/24: Removed legacy tables with data from Our World in Data and

Removed the following legacy tables from Our World in Data and

  • carbon_intensity_attributes

  • carbon_intensity_timeseries

  • carbon_credit_purchase_attributes

  • carbon_credit_purchase_timeseries

Users still have access to the carbon intensity data in the OUR_WORLD_IN_DATA_ATTRIBUTES and OUR_WORLD_IN_DATA_TIMESERIES tables that were released on 12/15/23.

1/9/24: Added global agrifood emissions from the Food and Agriculture Organization

Added greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to agriculture, forestry, and other land use activities. Example variables include: 1) Total emissions generated from agrifood systems 2) Emissions associated with crop processes including rice cultivation and burning of crop residues 3) Emissions from livestock 4) Emissions from land use including forests, fires, and drained organic soils 5) Intensity of emissions by agricultural commodity.

The data is available in the following tables:



12/18/23: Added global emissions by country and industry from the European Commission's Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR)

Added global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and various fluorinated gases (F-gases). F-gases are man-made greenhouse gases emitted from everyday products (e.g. air conditioners, refrigerators) and industrial applications. Both biogenic (emissions that come from natural sources like soils/plants) and fossil fuel sources are included.

Data is available in the following tables:

  • EUROPEAN_COMMISSION_EDGAR_ATTRIBUTES details each emissions variable tracked by greenhouse gas type and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) industry

  • EUROPEAN_COMMISSION_EDGAR_TIMESERIES provides historical values on a monthly or annual basis for each tracked variable

12/15/23 - Added annual temperature change, emissions, and energy consumption by country/region, sector, and source from OWID

Added Our Wold in Data (OWID) metrics covering annual temperature change, emissions, and energy consumption by country/state, sector, and source to the OUR_WORLD_IN_DATA_ATTRIBUTES and OUR_WORLD_IN_DATA_TIMESERIES tables.

Variable added cover:

  • Global warming

  • Carbon Dioxide Emissions

  • Carbon Intensity

  • Emissions from Aviation

  • Energy Consumption

  • Fugitive Emissions

  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions

  • Methane Emissions

  • Nitrous Oxide Emissions

11/15/23 - Added 6 tables covering disaster declaration and National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) insurance data from FEMA

Added Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) data on federally-declared disasters in the United States, disaster recovery public programs, and the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) insurance policies and claims. Six new tables were included in the release:

  • FEMA_DISASTER_DECLARATION_INDEX - Details for each federally-declared disaster (e.g. name, type, date, public assistance funding amounts). Table is unique by DISASTER_ID.

  • FEMA_DISASTER_DECLARATION_AREAS_INDEX - Geographic entities (e.g. counties, cities) impacted by each federally-declared disaster. A disaster declaration can include multiple geographic locations.

  • FEMA_MISSION_ASSIGNMENT_INDEX - Work orders issued by FEMA since 2012 to other government agencies, supporting emergency response activation across the US (e.g. requesting transportation support from the US Department of Transportation during a hurricane).

  • FEMA_NATIONAL_FLOOD_INSURANCE_PROGRAM_CLAIM_INDEX - Details on National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) claims including features of the insured property, information on the flood event precipitating the claim, the cost of the damage, and subsequent insurance payout amounts.

  • FEMA_NATIONAL_FLOOD_INSURANCE_PROGRAM_POLICY_INDEX - Details on National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policies including features of the insured property, building and contents insurance coverage, deductibles, rates, and policy durations.

  • FEMA_REGION_INDEX - Human readable names and details for each FEMA Region

9/15/23 - Added daily weather data from 80K+ weather stations across 180 countries; updated product name

New tables added:

  • NOAA_WEATHER_STATION_INDEX contains metadata on the weather stations from the Global Historical Climatology Network daily (GHCNd) database, including mappings to Cybersyn’s GEO_ID at the country-, state- and zip-level (where applicable).

  • NOAA_WEATHER_METRICS_ATTRIBUTES includes the daily weather variables tracked globally and their measurement details.

  • NOAA_WEATHER_METRICS_TIMESERIES provides the details of the daily global weather variables recorded at each weather station.

Updated product name from "Emissions & Environment Essentials" to "Weather & Environmental Essentials"


The data in this dataset is sourced on the individual source pages. Links to provider license, terms and disclaimers are provided where appropriate.

Cybersyn is not endorsed or affiliated with any of these providers. Contact for questions.Contact for questions.

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